(dīŏj´enēz) , c.412-323 BC, Greek Cynic philosopher; pupil of
Antisthenes. He was born in Sinope and lived in Athens. He taught that
the virtuous life is the simple life, and he dramatically discarded
conventional comforts, living in a tub. He is said to have thrown away
his last utensil, a cup, when he saw a peasant drink from his hands.
When Alexander the Great asked what he might do for him, Diogenes
said, “Only step out of my sunlight.” His daylight quest with a lantern
“for an honest man” was probably the most striking expression of his
contempt for his generation.